Big Springs Trail Point 4

Number4People Power

Mogollon PotWater at Big Springs has attracted more than wildlife. The pithouse dwellings of an ancient people, called the Mogollon, were documented as having been built in the White Mountains as early as A.D. 220.

ArrowheadsAfter A.D. 1000, pueblostyle dwellings were constructed out of basalt, volcanic rock common in the White Mountains and at Big Springs.

The Mogollon were huntergatherers hunter-gatherers that later expanded into farming. Big Springs has several bedrock metates, or depressions in rock from grinding corn or acorns into flour with a grinding stone or mono. After the Mogollon abandoned the area around 1400, ancestors of the White Mountain Apache began occupying the area as early as 1600.

Remember – Do not disturb, damage or remove any artifacts you may find on public lands! State and Federal laws protect our unique cultural and historic heritage.

Trail Themes

The numbered posts correspond to the symbols below and the points of interest you’ll encounter along the trail. Each point is described in this guide. The symbols relate to these key interpretative themes:


Please tread lightly by staying on trails.
“Take only pictures and memories – leave only footprints.”

Trail pages

Trail Point 1

Trail Point 2

Trail Point 3

Trail Point 4

Trail Point 5

Trail Point 6

Trail Point 7

Trail Point 8

Trail Point 9

Trail Point 10

Trail Point 11

Trail Point 12

Trail Point 13

Big Springs is located on Woodland Road, ½ mile south of White Mountain Blvd. (State Route 260), adjacent to the White Mountain Wildlife & Nature Center. Many improvements have been made at Big Springs to facilitate environmental education and public use. Many such improvements were funded by the Arizona Game and Fish Heritage Fund, established by voter initiative in 1990, with funding from the Arizona lottery. The latest improvements and brochure printing were funded by a Secure Rural Schools Act grant from the U. S. Forest Service to the White Mountain Nature Center. Big Springs is managed under a unique partnership. Land ownership is national forest, with a special use permit for an outdoor classroom issued to the Blue Ridge Unified School District. These partners cooperate in its management and enhancement: